Vice President of India: Qualification, Powers, and Functions

Muppavarapu Venkaiah Naidu has been elected as the Vice President of India and will assume office on the 11th of August 2017. Naidu will be the 13th Vice President of India and will occupy the second highest office in the country. He will also be the Ex-Officio Chairman of the Rajya Sabha and his powers will be equivalent to the Speaker of the Rajya Sabha. The article 63 of the Constitution of India provides for the appointment of the Vice President and also makes this position mandatory.

Let’s see the what is the minimum requirement to qualify for the appointment of the President of India;

He should be a Citizen of India

Should have completed 35 years of Age

Should be qualified for the election as a member of the Rajya Sabha

He should not hold any office of Profit.


The Vice President of India will draw the salary of the Chairman of the Rajya Sabha which is INR. 1,25,000/- per month.

Powers and Functions

He acts as President when there is a vacancy in the Presidents office which happens due to resignation, removal, death, illness or any other reason. Here, he can act as President for a maximum period of six months.

When the Vice President acts as President then he ceases to be the Ex-Officio Chairman of the Rajya Sabha till the time he acts as President. When this happens, the Deputy Chairman of the Rajya Sabha acts as Chairman.

Terms of Office (Article 67 of Constitution of India)

Can resign at any time by addressing resignation letter to the President.

Holds office for a term of 5 years.

Can be removed if a resolution is passed in the Rajya Sabha by an absolute majority and agreed by the Lok Sabha.

He can be re-elected or elected any number of times.

Historical Facts

When Dr. Zakir Hussain and Fakr-ud-din Ali Ahmed, died in office, the respective Vice Presidents, V. V. Giri and B. D. Jatti acted as Presidents.

When President Dr. Rajendra Prasad was on a  day tour to the USSR in June 1960 and then again in July 1961 when he was ill, at this time Dr. S. Radhakrishnan discharged the Functions of the President of India in the absence of the President.

Click here to check the Powers of the President of India.


Powers of the President of India

Ram Nath Kovind assumed office as President of India on 25th July 2017 and was a candidate of the BJP led NDA government. He is the second Dalit President after K.R. Narayanan and the 14th President of India.

As President of India, Kovind has the following Powers;

Executive Powers

He Directly administers the Union Territories via the Lt. Governor, the Administrator and the Commissioner.

He can appoint the PM, Chief Justice, Judges of the Supreme Court and High Court, Chairman and members of the Union Public Service Commission, CAG, Attorney General of India, Chief Election Commissioner, and Governors of the State.

Legislative Powers

The President of India can nominate 12 members to the Rajya Sabha.

He can summon and prorogue the sessions of both the houses and can dissolve the Lok Sabha.

Financial Powers

All Money Bills can originate in Parliament only on the recommendation of the President of India.

Judicial Powers

Power to Pardon, Reprieve, Remission, Respite and Commutation.

Military Powers

The President is the Supreme Commander of the Armed and Defence Forces.

He has the power to appoint the Chiefs of Army, Navy and Air Force.

He can declare and conclude peace subject to the Parliaments approval.

How can the President of India get Impeached?

The President of India can be impeached only on the ground of violation of the Constitution of India.

Click here to see the Powers of the Vice-President of India

Maasai Mara : In Brief

You all must have seen the Discovery Channel and the National Geographic Channel and in it the Lions & the other Big Cats, the African Elephants, the Wild Beast and the various flora and fauna of the forest with many different species of animals. Well! They are mostly from Africa and most importantly from the Maasai Mara, in Kenya. Maasai Mara is situated in Kenya and is one of Africa’s greatest Wildlife Reserves. It is considered as the world’s top and most favorite Safari Destination and this is due to its spectacular Eco-System.

If you are an Adventure Freak, Wildlife Enthusiast, an animal or a nature lover you must visit the Maasai Mara. If you are a Wildlife or Nature Photographer then visiting this place is not an option but a compulsion.

Before I take you further let’s check the fact sheet of Maasai Mara.

Where Do We Go Maasai Mara National Reserve, Narok County, Kenya
The meaning of Maasai Mara The Maasai Mara got its name from the local people who called the land “Mara” which means “spotted” in Maa. Maa is the name given to the Masai language. Maasai is the Language while Mara is the name of the place.
Exceptional Animals  Masai lions, African leopards, Tanzanian cheetahs, zebra, Thomson’s gazelle, and wildebeest
Area 1,510 sq km OR 583 sq miles
Uniqueness The Big Five which are Lion, Leopard, African elephant, Cape Buffalo, and Black Rhinoceros
Exceptional Birds  Vultures, Marabou Storks, Secretary Birds, Hornbills, Crowned Cranes, Ostriches, Long-Crested Eagles, African Pygmy-Falcons and the Lilac-Breasted roller,
Unique Phenomenon The Great Migration which takes place from July to October every year

Photos of the Big Five :


Masaai Mara should be on everyone’s bucket list because the ecosystem is phenomenal and unlike any other place. Between July and October every year, a global phenomenon takes place which is the Great Migration. See the documentary on the Great Migration below.

How to Reach Masai Mara National Reserve? : It’s about 270 km from the capital Nairobi City and takes about 4-5 hours by road or 40-45 minutes by flight. The road is great for the most part. there is a section from Narok town to Sekenani Gate that is dirt road but fairly good. The other road through Lemek and Aitong town is not good at all and very bumpy.

Best Time to Visit : July to October is the Best time when the Great Migration takes place. December to February is also a good time to visit if you want to see the Big Cats as the weather is drier and good for the cats.

Recommended Number of Days for Safari: While 4 days are enough for safari, you may take 7 days or even more aswell if you are going primarily for wildlife photography.

Photo credit:

Photo credit: TheWanderingAmerican via / CC BY-ND

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Photo credit: berniedup via / CC BY-SA

Photo credit: jinkemoole via / CC BY

Photo credit: Rod Waddington via / CC BY-SA

Photo credit: Bradsview via / CC BY-ND

The Dog who chose to Bite

I have been bitten by dogs twice, a household and a street dog who possibly had rabies. But this is not a story of those dogs but of a dog who was so nice and healthy. The dog may be too old by now or even dead as this story is about 7 years old.

I was in Goa doing my graduation and I had a rented apartment with some of my friends from college. There was a teenage dog I used to see who used to come towards people and wiggle his tail and make cute dog sounds just like a baby. He used to follow people and had some human friends, I wasn’t one of them. I used to watch him from our apartment’s window and he used to play around the whole day. Playing with dogs, playing with human kids and not barking to scare people, he was such a dog. He deserved all the care and kindness as he was so nice.

One day, he wiggled his tail in front of some unknown people. They were laughing and seemed bad at heart and yes one of them kicked the poor dog on the stomach, It was so bad that even I got goose bumps. Just how did he survive? He still remained nice.

Then one fine day, I saw his leg broken. And for a few days I observed that some unknown passerby used to hit the dog with sticks and stones and even kick it. Once, the dog received a bamboo hit whose noise was loud and clear even 100 meters away. The dog survived.

There were many such instances where he was beaten and many times I saw him injured. Very few people helped. And then later there was no help as this dog is always injured.

I finished college in in the summers and I had to go home and while leaving the dog wiggled its tail in front of me, but then I was who didn’t like animal contact (but was human at heart) but I felt for it. He was strong. But how much, he was still injured and couldn’t walk properly.

I came back for an examination in Goa and thought of going to Bappa’s place which was just behind the old apartment. I saw the very same dog, this time I called him and he didn’t wiggle his tail but barked…the bark was as bad as a Lion’s roar. The waiter came outside and said ‘Ye Kutta kat-ta hai iske nadi mat lago’ (This dog bites don’t play with it). Such a change…people just knew that the dog bites. But I could imagine the circumstances he must have gone through. He was scared of humans. The very same humans who he loved but in return, he got injuries, kicks, and hate.

I can compare the dog with the fog. Pure water ready to make the air watery and awesome. But when the very Fog gets in contact with poisonous gases and smokes it becomes a Smog which is more deadly. Poor Foggy!


Photo Credits : Marek Prygiel

Throw the Toothbrush

Its more than half a century since the toothbrush was invented and in 2038 it will become 100 years old. The toothbrush had become rapidly the most hygenic dental tool and replaced the twigs which were used by man since centuries.

Initially the bristles were made from the tail of pigs since plastic was not available such that to make it available for daily dental use in the form of bristles. The invention of the toothbrush has given a lot to the society, I mean that sarcastily. What benifit did it bring? Have you ever thought about it?

Toothbrush has given us nothing but an industrially produced product that looks sleek and needs a soapy paste in order to use it. So, basically cheap twigs were replaced by a comparatilely expensive brush and a compulsary paste so the brush can be used. We got cheated, and I dont need to give you documented proof as I have my own experience on both the twigs and the brush.

A long time ago I was worried about my stainy teeth as the brush could never take the stains off and I used to brush and press the bristles which eventually caused damage to my gums. Then I was thought to goto my dentist and when I complained about my stainy teeth the Dentist replied that such stains never go after brushing and I will need to clean my teeth via a dental process which will cost a bomb. So, here eventually everyone makes money and I loose. I finally went through the cleaning process, and my teeth were white again. However, it stained again after one or two months. I had to brush in a manner the doctor advised me but I didn’t follow the steps and ended up staining my teeth again.

After this I once visited my village in Nashik and I saw the people brushing with a power made of tobacco, their teeth were glossy white and they brushed only once. I spoke to an old woman there and she advised me to use neem twigs instead of the tobacco as tobacco powder does more harm to the other areas. So, I used the neem twigs as the old lady had instrusted me. I used the neem twigs for just two days and my teeth had become completly white. No Chemical, No Artificial Flavour, No Brush, Just Pure Ayurveda or the age old technique which Indian’s always used. One can use the twigs which were used by their ansectors as they all have unique properties and not nnecassarily one should use neem twigs only. I also used babool twigs and it had its own uniqueness.

So, here my experience with the tooth brush was not so great and the twigs had beaten it.

I urge everyone to keep the tooth brush aside and use the twigs instead. The twigs are far more better. Just try to use it atleast twice a week and you will notice the difference.

If you like my above article you may also visit my blogs health section here. It may give you some additional facts that can make your life healthy and beautiful.


You are Addicted to Sugar..!

Some time ago I was curious about why did I ever crave for food even when I was full. I would never say no to an ice-cream or a dessert even after food. Tea without sugar never gave me a kick and tea with sugar was like an energy boost. At first I thought, I was badly addicted to caffaine but then later when I started adding less table sugar I observed that sugar less tea or coffee never gave me a boost. So, I researched! I like to research when the issue is with me, and thanks Google and Bing for giving me what I want.

I found out that sugar is an agent which gives the same signal which cocaine gives to the brain. Remember the famous word DOPE? Its derived from the chemical agent Dopamine which is released by the body which then goes to the brain and starts making you addicted. Narcotic Drugs like Cocaine, Heroine and many more makes the body release cocaine. Here’s your Surprise! SUGAR also generates high amount of Dopamine in your body. Thus, making you ADDICTIVE to Sugar.

Sugar addiction doesn’t mean craving for table sugar itself. It’s a craving which makes you choose your food with high level of sugar. The brain is smart, it analyses the dopamine craving and makes you choose certain foods that will suit its requirements. Like a sugar craving will lead you to a have juices, extra cheese pizza, Pav Bhaji, Vada Pav, Samosa, and all foods with high level of starch. When you crave for sugar, you don’t look for leafy vegetables. You look for potato or any high fat and high sugar food varients.

The worst part of sugar addiction is that people don’t know that they are addicted. They feel that they are hungry and just prefer junk food instead of healthy homemade food.

Here’s what Doctor Robert Lustig wrote in ‘The Atlantic’: “The brain’s pleasure center, called the nucleus accumbens, is essential for our survival as a species… When you consume any substance of abuse, including sugar, the nucleus accumbens receives a dopamine signal, from which you experience pleasure. And so you consume more. The problem is that with prolonged exposure, the signal attenuates, gets weaker. So you have to consume more to get the same effect — tolerance. And if you pull back on the substance, you go into withdrawal. Tolerance and withdrawal constitute addiction.” Dr. Lustig is a Professor of Pediatrics at the University of California.

Apart from the addiction of Sugar caused from Dopamine, addiction to sugar also comes from Harmone Leptin. This type of addiction tells the brain how energy stored as fat is to be used. It targets taste receptors in the tongue which tells you if you are craving more or less.

Let’s see the negative effects of Sugar;

  1. Sugar addiction causes Behavioral changes in a person. Anxiety, Hyperactivity, Adrenaline Rush, Drowsiness, Crankiness and decreased activity in children. It causes learning disorders in children. Addiction also leads to Alcoholism and Depression.
  2. Addiction to Sugar causes Sickness. Sugar feeds cancer cells and induces cell death. Intake of sugar plays one of the major roles in development of Kidney stone and Gallstones. If sugar absorption is done rapidly by your body then it leads to excessive food intake. High Sugar promotes allergies. Excessive sugar leads to many diseases like atherosclerosis (and other cardiovascular diseases), cataracts, emphysema, obesity. It promotes or gives a boost diseases like arthritis, chronic degenerative diseases, hemorrhoids, varicose veins, Parkinson’s disease, Gum disease, Toxima in pregnancy, and many more.
  3. Sugar brings negative effects to your body. Have you ever realized that sugar promotes ageing? If you are ageing fast blame your sugar addiction. You need to bring it low starting now. Also, your immune system decreases, there is tissue loss which makes you body loose its elasticity, eye-sight gets weaker, and many more. High intake of sugar also brings harmonal imbalance.

After, I found out the above I have been cutting sugar. But it seems that cutting sugar is even tougher than quitting nicotine or alcohol. I have been skipping tea, high calorie and high sugar food items (such as ice-creams, sweets and desserts) and avoiding junk food. When I try to control, I crave like an an addict and i start getting dizzy. Its just difficult. I sometimes feel a person just doesn’t eat just to fill his stomach but he eats also to stop the craving.

Choosing an extra cheese pizza, an ice cream, eating sweets, jalebi’s, to eat is not a matter of choice for many people like me but it’s a matter of craving. When there is a bowl of ice-cream and plate of main course served together, do you think of tasting the ice-cream first? If yes, you are a sugar addict. If not then may be  you generally like sweets or have more food than required which means you are a sugar addict.

My personal request to you is, reduce the intake of sugar and try to realize your addiction and bring it in control.

The Emotional Freedom Technique (EFT) as shown in the below video, will assist you in controlling emotional behavioral shifts like anxiety and much more caused by sugar craving.

I hope you like my above article. If yes, please do comment below and hit like. It will be great to share this valuable information amongst your friends and family and so share it on facebook or twitter.

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An Encounter to Casteism

‘There’s nothing like caste, we are all the same. All people from the lower caste are economically forward now and they no-longer deserve  reservation. Remove it!” These are the words I normally hear from friends talking to each other and see on social media platforms like facebook and twitter daily. If you have noticed all the people discussing these so called serious issues are mostly from big metros like Mumbai and Kolkata.

Why I know what people think? I look like a higher class person (as reviewed by some of my friends) because of my Jewish ancestors. So, many people don’t suspect me to be from the so called backward community and vomit their harsh words in front of me. I am smart when it comes to knowing what people think and I never argue at front but I listen carefully. Out of many such cases there was a direct reference from a fellow colleague who said not only harsh words but referred the people of the backward class as ‘an inscect from the gutter which should be erradicated’, nope not the eradication of the caste system the eradication by killing he meant. Let me narrate it.

After I completed my bachelors and before I started working in hotels, I worked in a call centre in Powai, Mumbai for three months. I always wanted to experience the call centre after I read Chetan Bhagat’s comparitively not so famous book ‘One Night @ the Call Centre.’ For three months I was meeting new people at trainings and at work and the atmosphere felt very liberal and too modern for the conservative society to accept. To reach work my company used to pick me up from my house and leave me at the same place after I finished my hours of duty, the car was pooled and there used to be 2 to 4 of us including myself.

Amit (name changed because I dont remember. Sorry!) and me had the same shifts for almost 2 weeks and were at the verge of becoming best friends and we used to talk about the world and many things  in the 1 hour journey. Processes, college life, politics, Ideas, Education, Career and much more used to be our points of discussion. One day as we were passing a certain locality on the highway, I was shocked to hear these works from my friend. The conversation was as follows;

“Ye, locality dikh rahi hai. Yaha pe India ka kachra rehta hai,” said Amit pointing at the locality and with a face which explained he regards them low.

“Kachra rehta hai matlab?” I asked

“Matlab, saale SC..ST..OBC log. Ye India ka kachra hai. Jab tak ye log zinda hai tab tak iss desh ka kabhi bhala nahi ho sakta. Ye log gatar mai paida hue gatar jaisa baas chodenge aur India ko ganda karenge. Keede hai ye sab. Sab ko maardalna chahiye, ek danga inke saat ho aur hum log inko talwar ghused ghused ke maregne.”

I was so shocked that neither I could show my facial emotions nor could I speak. I was actually more terrified of his thoughts and people like him now.

He continued, “Mera ek dost hai, woh Jai Bhim hai aur usne ek musalman ke saath shaadi ki. Gatar ka toh tha hi woh, ab aur bhi ganda ho gaya hai. Kaise log he ye saab.  Saab ko goli mar ke uda dena chahiye is Golibar ilake me.”

I didn’t utter a word, I was confused whether he knew who I am or not. I was silent for most part of the trip and I only spoke when this conversation happened.

“Kya re Gaurav! Itna shaant kyu hai?” asked Amit.

“Bhai, tune marne maar dalne ki baat kar di. I am shocked.” I said.

“Bhai…tu tension mat le. Hum toh unse upar hai. Unki koi barabari nahi. Bhai, aaj gadi mai sirf tu aur mai tha isliye bola meri maan ki baat, nahi toh kaun kya hai kya pata,” said Amit.

At this point I became angry as I got to know that he spoke to me such harsh words about the backward class community thinking I am not one of them. I was angry about the thoughts of people because this incident was big for me but was one of many such caste discrimination episodes.

Now I spoke in a soft tone, “Terko pata hai Amit, maine BSc kiya hai, ab PG karunga, Call Centre toh time paas hai.” Amit was listening as I spoke further, “mere pitaji ek renowned Custom Officer hai jinko Award mila hai aur unhone bade bade cases solve kiye hai aur ek zamane me voh apni pure salary garibo mat baat dete the voh bhi shaadi hone ke baad. Mere dadajibhi Custom me the, unho ne promotion decline kiya kyuki samaj ko sudharna tha woh Acharya college ke founder member hai. Mere pardada woh Municipalty me the unho ne kayee morche kiye aur kayee gareebo ko zameen dilwaye.”

“Are tu intne bade khandaan se hai?” asked Amit.

“Haah, mera khandan bohut bada hai…Paise se, zubaan se aur dil se bhi. Tujh se bhi bada. Terko pata hai me kaun hu?” I asked.

“Kaun???” Amit asked.

“Mai woh ek Jai Bhim hu!” I exclaimed.

There was a totally different silence in the car. A somewhat disturbed but settled silence. This long silence of Amit was a proof that I had won the war of words and social respect. For me it was a win of my self respect and morals. This was the first instance I realised what people show versus how their thoughts are.

Amit must be a good guy but may be his family speak bad about the backward community and so it passed on. It will pass on again to his children as he will again speak the same in front of his children.

The above is not the only instance from which I am going to conclude my theory of people’s thinking on casteism but it is an important one to know as such people exist on a large scale. When a so called lower community excels and starts gaining positive economic change people think of ending reservation out of jealosy, but when they dont excel people compare them as a negative costant of the society and speak about them behind their back (and speak politely in front of them). Many of my Scheduled Caste friends (of Mumbai) say that casteism has ended, but only only I know how other people speak of them.

Just for knowledge, villages in Maharashtra are further divided into Marathwada and Maharwada. Maharwada is where Mahar’s live and people from the other divisions avoid drinking water from a Mahar’s house or stepping foot in their division.