Vice President of India: Qualification, Powers, and Functions

Muppavarapu Venkaiah Naidu has been elected as the Vice President of India and will assume office on the 11th of August 2017. Naidu will be the 13th Vice President of India and will occupy the second highest office in the country. He will also be the Ex-Officio Chairman of the Rajya Sabha and his powers will be equivalent to the Speaker of the Rajya Sabha. The article 63 of the Constitution of India provides for the appointment of the Vice President and also makes this position mandatory.

Let’s see the what is the minimum requirement to qualify for the appointment of the President of India;

He should be a Citizen of India

Should have completed 35 years of Age

Should be qualified for the election as a member of the Rajya Sabha

He should not hold any office of Profit.


The Vice President of India will draw the salary of the Chairman of the Rajya Sabha which is INR. 1,25,000/- per month.

Powers and Functions

He acts as President when there is a vacancy in the Presidents office which happens due to resignation, removal, death, illness or any other reason. Here, he can act as President for a maximum period of six months.

When the Vice President acts as President then he ceases to be the Ex-Officio Chairman of the Rajya Sabha till the time he acts as President. When this happens, the Deputy Chairman of the Rajya Sabha acts as Chairman.

Terms of Office (Article 67 of Constitution of India)

Can resign at any time by addressing resignation letter to the President.

Holds office for a term of 5 years.

Can be removed if a resolution is passed in the Rajya Sabha by an absolute majority and agreed by the Lok Sabha.

He can be re-elected or elected any number of times.

Historical Facts

When Dr. Zakir Hussain and Fakr-ud-din Ali Ahmed, died in office, the respective Vice Presidents, V. V. Giri and B. D. Jatti acted as Presidents.

When President Dr. Rajendra Prasad was on a  day tour to the USSR in June 1960 and then again in July 1961 when he was ill, at this time Dr. S. Radhakrishnan discharged the Functions of the President of India in the absence of the President.

Click here to check the Powers of the President of India.


Powers of the President of India

Ram Nath Kovind assumed office as President of India on 25th July 2017 and was a candidate of the BJP led NDA government. He is the second Dalit President after K.R. Narayanan and the 14th President of India.

As President of India, Kovind has the following Powers;

Executive Powers

He Directly administers the Union Territories via the Lt. Governor, the Administrator and the Commissioner.

He can appoint the PM, Chief Justice, Judges of the Supreme Court and High Court, Chairman and members of the Union Public Service Commission, CAG, Attorney General of India, Chief Election Commissioner, and Governors of the State.

Legislative Powers

The President of India can nominate 12 members to the Rajya Sabha.

He can summon and prorogue the sessions of both the houses and can dissolve the Lok Sabha.

Financial Powers

All Money Bills can originate in Parliament only on the recommendation of the President of India.

Judicial Powers

Power to Pardon, Reprieve, Remission, Respite and Commutation.

Military Powers

The President is the Supreme Commander of the Armed and Defence Forces.

He has the power to appoint the Chiefs of Army, Navy and Air Force.

He can declare and conclude peace subject to the Parliaments approval.

How can the President of India get Impeached?

The President of India can be impeached only on the ground of violation of the Constitution of India.

Click here to see the Powers of the Vice-President of India

An Encounter to Casteism

‘There’s nothing like caste, we are all the same. All people from the lower caste are economically forward now and they no-longer deserve  reservation. Remove it!” These are the words I normally hear from friends talking to each other and see on social media platforms like facebook and twitter daily. If you have noticed all the people discussing these so called serious issues are mostly from big metros like Mumbai and Kolkata.

Why I know what people think? I look like a higher class person (as reviewed by some of my friends) because of my Jewish ancestors. So, many people don’t suspect me to be from the so called backward community and vomit their harsh words in front of me. I am smart when it comes to knowing what people think and I never argue at front but I listen carefully. Out of many such cases there was a direct reference from a fellow colleague who said not only harsh words but referred the people of the backward class as ‘an inscect from the gutter which should be erradicated’, nope not the eradication of the caste system the eradication by killing he meant. Let me narrate it.

After I completed my bachelors and before I started working in hotels, I worked in a call centre in Powai, Mumbai for three months. I always wanted to experience the call centre after I read Chetan Bhagat’s comparitively not so famous book ‘One Night @ the Call Centre.’ For three months I was meeting new people at trainings and at work and the atmosphere felt very liberal and too modern for the conservative society to accept. To reach work my company used to pick me up from my house and leave me at the same place after I finished my hours of duty, the car was pooled and there used to be 2 to 4 of us including myself.

Amit (name changed because I dont remember. Sorry!) and me had the same shifts for almost 2 weeks and were at the verge of becoming best friends and we used to talk about the world and many things  in the 1 hour journey. Processes, college life, politics, Ideas, Education, Career and much more used to be our points of discussion. One day as we were passing a certain locality on the highway, I was shocked to hear these works from my friend. The conversation was as follows;

“Ye, locality dikh rahi hai. Yaha pe India ka kachra rehta hai,” said Amit pointing at the locality and with a face which explained he regards them low.

“Kachra rehta hai matlab?” I asked

“Matlab, saale SC..ST..OBC log. Ye India ka kachra hai. Jab tak ye log zinda hai tab tak iss desh ka kabhi bhala nahi ho sakta. Ye log gatar mai paida hue gatar jaisa baas chodenge aur India ko ganda karenge. Keede hai ye sab. Sab ko maardalna chahiye, ek danga inke saat ho aur hum log inko talwar ghused ghused ke maregne.”

I was so shocked that neither I could show my facial emotions nor could I speak. I was actually more terrified of his thoughts and people like him now.

He continued, “Mera ek dost hai, woh Jai Bhim hai aur usne ek musalman ke saath shaadi ki. Gatar ka toh tha hi woh, ab aur bhi ganda ho gaya hai. Kaise log he ye saab.  Saab ko goli mar ke uda dena chahiye is Golibar ilake me.”

I didn’t utter a word, I was confused whether he knew who I am or not. I was silent for most part of the trip and I only spoke when this conversation happened.

“Kya re Gaurav! Itna shaant kyu hai?” asked Amit.

“Bhai, tune marne maar dalne ki baat kar di. I am shocked.” I said.

“Bhai…tu tension mat le. Hum toh unse upar hai. Unki koi barabari nahi. Bhai, aaj gadi mai sirf tu aur mai tha isliye bola meri maan ki baat, nahi toh kaun kya hai kya pata,” said Amit.

At this point I became angry as I got to know that he spoke to me such harsh words about the backward class community thinking I am not one of them. I was angry about the thoughts of people because this incident was big for me but was one of many such caste discrimination episodes.

Now I spoke in a soft tone, “Terko pata hai Amit, maine BSc kiya hai, ab PG karunga, Call Centre toh time paas hai.” Amit was listening as I spoke further, “mere pitaji ek renowned Custom Officer hai jinko Award mila hai aur unhone bade bade cases solve kiye hai aur ek zamane me voh apni pure salary garibo mat baat dete the voh bhi shaadi hone ke baad. Mere dadajibhi Custom me the, unho ne promotion decline kiya kyuki samaj ko sudharna tha woh Acharya college ke founder member hai. Mere pardada woh Municipalty me the unho ne kayee morche kiye aur kayee gareebo ko zameen dilwaye.”

“Are tu intne bade khandaan se hai?” asked Amit.

“Haah, mera khandan bohut bada hai…Paise se, zubaan se aur dil se bhi. Tujh se bhi bada. Terko pata hai me kaun hu?” I asked.

“Kaun???” Amit asked.

“Mai woh ek Jai Bhim hu!” I exclaimed.

There was a totally different silence in the car. A somewhat disturbed but settled silence. This long silence of Amit was a proof that I had won the war of words and social respect. For me it was a win of my self respect and morals. This was the first instance I realised what people show versus how their thoughts are.

Amit must be a good guy but may be his family speak bad about the backward community and so it passed on. It will pass on again to his children as he will again speak the same in front of his children.

The above is not the only instance from which I am going to conclude my theory of people’s thinking on casteism but it is an important one to know as such people exist on a large scale. When a so called lower community excels and starts gaining positive economic change people think of ending reservation out of jealosy, but when they dont excel people compare them as a negative costant of the society and speak about them behind their back (and speak politely in front of them). Many of my Scheduled Caste friends (of Mumbai) say that casteism has ended, but only only I know how other people speak of them.

Just for knowledge, villages in Maharashtra are further divided into Marathwada and Maharwada. Maharwada is where Mahar’s live and people from the other divisions avoid drinking water from a Mahar’s house or stepping foot in their division.





Law Berg

Ice Melts as it comes towards high temperatures. Similarly, we can picturise our political system as a reducing power. That is not only for India but for all the nations in the world.

The Artic Region is melting because of the increasing heat around it. Strong pillars of ice collapse day by day and give our earth a rising temperature. Similarly, the Indian political pillars are collapsing day by day which is spreading a concern to its public.

If we picturise the past, strong pillars like Dr. Ambedkar, Mahatma Phule,  Gandhi, Pandit Nehru, Sardar Vallabhai Patel were great political leaders and the most important thing was their ethics which became strong pillars of India, one which had lead the freedom struggle and the other who made it stronger than ever.

But today these pillars no longer retain the same strength as before because the values and ethics of the people itself are lost. Paying bribes, black marketing, earning black money, illegal construction and buying of unbilled items have become a common adjustment in people’s lives and they do not know the consequences which may come across in future. Moreover, politicians, police, and government bodies have themselves become a black collar painted with white paint.

No more is the law strict, no more are people conscious and no more have Indians remained Indian with heart. But are forcefully made to hear the national anthem (while some do stand themselves). People still have respect for Mother India but have lost hope in its leaders, its system. People love their constitution but not the ways it is utilized.

If there is no leader how will a country lead itself? From growing crimes to filthy politics is what we hear in the news. If it’s true then the strong pillars will soon collapse in the ocean and it can only be stopped if we stop heating our minds towards wrongs political thoughts.

It is the public which gained freedom. It is the public which can retain it. The public makes a country and the public which decides right and wrong in the country and it is the public which ruins it.

State of India..Today!

We all say with pride that India is united and will always be united. I agree with that, but partially. As Indians, we know how united we are. Practically, we see a Hindu hating a Muslim, a Muslim hating Hindu’s, Marathi’s hating Bihari’s and states divided over water.

Are we really united? Ask yourself?


In Mumbai, years ago there was nothing like Hindu, Muslim and Bihari’s but we were all Mumbaikar’s. But see the state now. And this is just because we are following the foot steps of wrong leaders who follow the strategy of divide and rule.

When we walk along the street with our friends some of us would say “Yeh dekh Katve ko!” and “Sale in Bihari ne toh Mumbai ko ganda kar diya hai.” But the reality is that Continue reading “State of India..Today!”